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Determinants of household use of wetland resources in West Bengal, India

 
Sectors : Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Livelihoods,

Published by: Wetlands Ecology and Management

Publication type: Paper

Published on: 2015

 
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Abstract This paper makes an attempt to identify
and analyse the factors that influence the household
use of wetlands in West Bengal, India. Three wetlands
were selected from three physiographically distinct
regions of West Bengal, which are used by local
people for multiple purposes. Logit and Tobit models
are used for the identification of the factors explaining
household dependency on wetland. The results indicate
that there is spatial difference in the mode and
extent of use of wetland resources across the three
wetlands. Households belonging to poor, landless,
lower social caste, and low education level are more
likely to use wetland resources compared to their
counterparts. Households having larger family size are
likely to extract bigger amounts of wetland products.
However, upper caste households have more access to
the wetlands for irrigation. The results indicate that
wetland plays a vital role for the livelihood of
marginalized sections of the community. Therefore,
it is needed to device appropriate policy for equitable
distribution of the benefits of the wetlands among
different sections of the society.

Abstract

This paper makes an attempt to identifyand analyse the factors that influence the householduse of wetlands in West Bengal, India. Three wetlandswere selected from three physiographically distinctregions of West Bengal, which are used by localpeople for multiple purposes. Logit and Tobit modelsare used for the identification of the factors explaininghousehold dependency on wetland. The results indicatethat there is spatial difference in the mode andextent of use of wetland resources across the threewetlands. Households belonging to poor, landless,lower social caste, and low education level are morelikely to use wetland resources compared to theircounterparts. Households having larger family size arelikely to extract bigger amounts of wetland products.However, upper caste households have more access tothe wetlands for irrigation. The results indicate thatwetland plays a vital role for the livelihood ofmarginalized sections of the community. Therefore,it is needed to device appropriate policy for equitabledistribution of the benefits of the wetlands amongdifferent sections of the society.

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11273-015-9420-8

 

- Sourya Das, Bhagirath Behera, Ashok Mishra
 

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